Mountain Huts and Refuges of the Sierra Nevada
The Huts and Refugios in the Sierra Nevada mountains
This classification is based upon the following map: Parque National de Sierra Nevada La Alpujarra (Editorial Penibetica) 1:40000 www.penibetica.com
This is not an exhaustive list of every every ruin in the Sierras. It is what we regularly use and consider as adequate shelter. They are generally listed from the SW to the NE of the range. Also read out latest updates from visits to the various huts, shelters and refuges. Updated annually.
Refugio del Caballo
Grid Ref: 30S 461282 4096870
Location: Just NE of Cerro de Caballo adjacent to Laguna de Caballo
Access: Lanjaron or Niguelas
2011 - restoration of the Refugio de Caballo
Small shelter semi cylindrical, domed. It is rectangular and is constructed in masonry. It may be difficult to fit 8 or 10 people. It is located about 2860 meters above sea level, and is often used as a bivouac.
It is located at an altitude of 2.860m, next to the Laguna del Caballo, at the base of the NE face Cerro del Caballo. This is a one-room shelter. In summer 2011 the Accion Sierra Nevada initiative installed a door, painted the inside, put in a window and cleaned the refuge from top to bottom.
It is open all year. You do not have any furniture, it is necessary to carry all the equipment for sleeping and cooking. You can find water in the Laguna del Caballo, a few meters from the refuge. The most interesting ascents can be made from this shelter are to the Cerro del Caballo itself, the ridge of Tajos Altos, and the continuation of the Integral of 3.000m.
Grid Ref: 30S 465230 4099708
Location: SW ridge of Tajos de la Virgen, head of Lanjaron valley
Roomy bivouac shelter. SW of Tajos de la Virgen ridge
The Elorrieta Refuge is located at 3.187m above sea level, between the Tosal Cartujo and Tajos of the Virgin, in a place that winter is continuously covered with snow and swept by strong winds. It was built between the years 1931 and 1933 and christened with that name in honour of Director General de Montes D. Octavio Elorrieta.
Contrary to other reports the shelter was built to house forestry reforestation workers in the Lanjaron and Toril valleys (and was NOT a TB hospital).
It was the most ambitious of a network of shelters that were designed in the 30s in the Lanjaron river valley, and the only one that was built according to plan. It had central heating, installation of water and power for lighting. Constructively it consists of two parts, a domed outside and dug into rock, with a set of galleries dug by pick and covered with a vault of bricks and tiles.
The temperature differences here between the seasons caused problems and the roof was in particularly bad shape in places. Time and vandalism have done everything else. Soon it was completely dismantled: missing doors, windows, heaters, water pipes, lighting, a complete ruin. By mid-century and even in the 60s it was partially rebuilt. Three restored rooms with bunk beds, living room with fireplace, kitchen, bathroom and services.
However at present is again dismal state of conservation, but can always be useful for shelter from inclement weather. You can use the lounge, which has a table with benches, and a couple of rooms with bunk beds, but no mattresses.
The door fits well, and closes with latch. You can find water in the nearby Laguna de Lanjaron in summer (about 15 min.) Or half hour descent to Lagunillas de la Virgen.
In 2012 Accion Sierra Nevada hope to start a program of major building and restoration work.
Location: E of Rio Chico above Puente Palo. W of summit of Las Alegas
Access: Puente Palo, Soportujar, Canar, Lanjaron
A winters night high in a ruined mountain refuge
Located at 2600m just west of the summit of Las Alegas. A beautiful location sat on a small grassy alp. Great views and close to Tajos de los Machos ski touring areas. Access, photos and report.
Accion Sierra Nevada are hoping to get permission to refix the two doors in summer 2012.
Refugio de la Cariguela
Grid Ref: 30S 467127 4100697
Location: Collado de Cariguela, pass S of Veleta
Access: Pradollano, Hoya de la Mora
Refugio de Villavientos
Grid Ref: 30S 470324 4100196
Location: S of Loma Pelada just S of old road
Access: Pradollano, Capileira
The Villavientos hut in the Sierra Nevada provides a high class mountain refuge
Refugio de Caldera
Grid Ref: 30S 471049 4101246
Location: Head of Rio Mulhacen, W of Mulhacen, S of Puntal de la Caldera
Access: Capileira, Trevelez, Pradollano
Refugio del Poqueira
Grid Ref: 30S 471273 4098205
Location: On a shelf SW of the peak of Mulhacen, vicinity Rio Mulhacen
Access: Capileira via Cebedilla or Hoya del Portillo
Capacity: 85 beds
Services: Water, showers, bar, meals, beds, free kitchen, fireplace, lockers
Telephones: 958 34 33 49 / 958 06 41 11 / 659-554224
Refugio Piedra Partida
Grid Ref: 30S 473771 4109441
Location: Head of Rio Vadillo via Verada de Estrella
Access: Guejar Sierra, Jerez de Masquesado
Refugio Postero Alto
Grid Ref: 30S 481940 4110003
Location: Firebreak E of Rio Alhori
Access: Jerez de Marquesado
Capacity: 64 beds
Services: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, Picnic, Bar, Fireplaces in rooms, hot showers
Telephones: 616 50 60 83
The Postero Alto Refugio is a wonderfully situated guarded refuge located on the north side of Sierra Nevada, within the National Park, in the region of the municipality of Jerez de Marsquesado and Guadix.
It commands a wide panoramic view stretching from the Hoya de Guadix-Baza to the ridges of the Sierra Nevada mountain peaks and lies at the foot of the Picon de Jerez, halfway between the Jerez de Marquesado and the high village of Trevelez in the Alpujarras. Despite being well integrated into the environment it can be easily distinguished from higher areas because of it's situation within a prominent forest firebreak.
The source and inspiration for some of this article can be found and downloaded in spanish here including photos reproduced here.
In the early 90's, the Comite de Refugios de la Federacion Andaluza raised the need for a refuge in this area. It was initially called the Refugio Ballesteros, in fact, even today that can be found under that name in some legal documents.
In 1994 the works began, performed by Tragsa under the National Plan of Mountain Refuges, jointly funded by the Higher Sports Council and the Board of Andalusia.
It was finally finished and inaugurated in 1996. It is owned by the Junta de Andalucia, in the recent past through Egmasa, now through the Ministry of Environment itself. The Andalusian Federation (FAM) aims to promote and develop the practice of mountaineering using the hut as a base.
Location: Head of Lanjaron valley
Constructed: early 1900's as a forest shelter
Forest shelter built at the beginning of the century, during the 20 years, serving as support for programs in forestry and revegetation in the Sierra Nevada. It is built of coarse masonry, is a single nave and the dome-shaped roof.
It is located on the right bank of the river Lanjaron, at an altitude of 2840 meters and under the ridgeline of Tajos Altos. Has capacity for 8 people. Very near there is the "Laguna Bolands"
Location: Overhanging rock shelter. Lower Valdeinfiernos valley, Genil
Location: Natural shelters, walls and outcrops. Next to Laguna Hondera Sieta Lagunas
Location: 20 mins via trailhead above Lanjaron. Hardly used as it is so close to the trailhead.
Refugio Loma de Cañar
Location: NNE of Cerrillo Redondo S summit at a height of 2840m.